Subaru Forester

1997-2005 of release

Repair and car operation



Subaru Forester
- Cars Subaru Forester
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Automobile химикалии, cleaners, hermetics
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear change box
+ Coupling, трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
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Поддомкрачивание and towage

Поддомкрачивание

Entering into a standard complete set of the car the jack is intended only for performance of procedures of change of wheels.

At carrying out of any other repair or preventive works the car should be lifted by means of hydraulic (or тележечного) a jack and it is obligatory to establish on the special props got under bearing points of the bottom (regular домкратные points).

If necessity for removal of wheels is absent, the car can be tired out on a viewing hole or a platform.

At all do not get a jack under car thresholds, the pallet картера, panels of a floor or it is direct under components of a steering drive or a suspension bracket!

Do not make any repair work under the car fixed in lifted position by means of only one jack! Necessarily use reliable props!


The scheme of an arrangement of points поддомкрачивания the car


For поддомкрачивания it is necessary to park the car on an equal horizontal surface, whenever possible with a firm covering.

Protivootkatnye boots should be established under the wheel located on a diagonal from failed


In the presence of the slightest bias it is necessary to take care of safety measures against recoil: prop up located on a diagonal from subject to removal a wheel противооткатными boots, firmly cock a lay brake, include a reverse gear (РКПП), or translate the selector lever in position “Р” (АТ). Try not to depart far from поддомкраченного the car, especially if nearby there are children.

At performance of change of wheels before поддомкрачивать the car, remove a decorative cap and баллонным a key ослабьте nuts of fastening of a wheel subject to replacement. Prepare запаску.

On some models the cap fastens on a disk wheel nuts which at the given stage should be weakened only!


Site of a jack and spare wheel


Order of extraction of a jack


The spare wheel fastens under the bottom of a body of the car, or in a special niche in a luggage space, the jack with the handle is fixed in the left part of luggage branch/body, in the same place is usually stored and баллонный a key. For extraction of a spare wheel it is necessary to turn out the special fixing screw.

Before spare wheel installation it is necessary to clear a nave and an internal surface of a wheel disk of a dirt


For jack extraction raise an eye of fastening of luggage at the left behind and pull for a lath to open a cover, then, rotating counter-clockwise, release the jack screw.

Get a jack under the car. Take care of reliability of input of a head of a jack in gearing. Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel subject to replacement has come off the earth. Having thrown off fixing nuts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare, preliminary having cleared of a dirt a nave and an internal surface of a wheel disk.

The definitive tightening of nuts of fastening of a wheel with demanded effort should be made in a diagonal order



Screw wheel nuts, then lower the car on the earth, clean a jack and hold on nuts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with demanded effort (78 88 Nanometers).

Track reliability of fixing of the removed wheel in a car luggage space


Establish into place a cap. Combine and clean the tool. Do not forget to clean противооткатные boots. Track reliability of fixing of the wheel removed from the car.

At поддомкрачивании the car for the purpose of its fixing in the lifted position at performance of more serious, than replacement of a wheel, repair work the head of a hydraulic jack should be got under a forward stretcher or картер differential of a back axis. For the purpose of loading distribution between a head of a jack and a surface домкратной the wooden block makes sense to lay points. Props are got under regular forward and back lateral домкратные points.

Towage

Strictly speaking, the emergency vehicle should be towed with a full separation of wheels from the earth on a platform эвакуатора.

Towage all-wheel drive (4WD) models (with АТ or РКПП) with a separation from the earth of only forward or back wheels can lead to that the car owing to rotation of interaxal differential will make an involuntary turn, besides at such towage loading on differential that is fraught with premature deterioration of internal components of the last appreciably raises.

It is necessary to avoid towage of all-wheel drive models with a separation from the earth only forward (or back) wheels.

If to avoid such way of towage it is impossible, it is necessary to disconnect corresponding карданный a shaft () from assemblage of differential corresponding.

If the car is towed with a separation from the earth of back wheels, lobbies should be blocked in rectilinear position by means of the special adaptation, the ignition key should be turned in position OFF in order to avoid damage of the lock of blocking of a wheel.

As already it was told above, is better to carry out transportation of the failed 4WD-car with a full separation of wheels from the earth.

The best way of transportation of the refused all-wheel drive car is its transportation on a platform эвакуатора

At car installation on a platform эвакуатора it is necessary to include the first transfer (models with РКПП) / or to translate the selector lever in position “Р” (models with АТ) to cock a lay brake and it is reliable to fix safety chains. Watch, that chains have not been tense too strongly as it will lead to excessive compression of elements of a suspension bracket and is fraught with destruction of the last at jolting during movement.

Transportation of the car with the failed transmission should be made only with a full separation of wheels from the earth on a platform эвакуатора!

It is supposed to make also towage of an emergency vehicle without a separation from the earth of all four wheels.

Use at towage only towing sling specially intended for this purpose which can be got cheaply practically in any shop of automobile accessories.

The scheme of an arrangement of towing eyes and safety hooks


The sling should cling only to eyes specially intended for this purpose which at all should not be confused to the safety hooks located under the car near to the muffler.

Do not forget to turn a key in the lock of ignition of the towed car in position ON, otherwise inevitably there will be a blocking of a steering column. Besides, at the included ignition indexes of turns and stoplights are activated also.

Remember that at the switched off engine efficiency of braking of the car considerably decreases because the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. Thus it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake with a little big, than usually effort. On the models equipped with the hydraulic booster of a wheel, at maneuvering performance большее the effort should be put also to a steering wheel.

The driver of a towed vehicle should try keep constantly a towing sling in the tense position in order to avoid jerks and arrivals on it wheels.

Before a start of motion drivers of both vehicles (towing and towed) should co-ordinate among themselves a route.

Movement should be carried out only with moderate speeds, on the shortest route and observance ПДД. Avoid sharp braking, accelerations and maneuvering.