1997-2005 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars Subaru Forester
- The maintenance instruction
Seats and safety devices
Instrumentations and controls
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear change box
+ Coupling, трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Operation receptionsThe basic cautions
Car Subaru will provide to the owner optimum characteristics and will show high operational qualities as on roads with a good and equal covering, and in cross-country conditions.
Обкатка the new car
To provide reliability and durability of the car in operation, throughout the first 600 km of run it is necessary to adhere to following rules:
a) do not get under way from a place on full gas, avoid sharp dispersals;
b) do not brake too sharply. Normal extra earnings new brake колодок occurs throughout run in 300 km during which it is necessary to brake, whenever possible, smoothly and with average intensity.
After repair or engine replacement, and also after replacement brake колодок it is necessary to observe similar restrictions and recommendations.
Type of applied fuel
For car refuelling it is necessary to use неэтилированное fuel with OCTANESым number not more low 95.
Refuelling of a fuel tank
The handle of remote unlocking лючка a jellied mouth of a fuel tank is located to the left of a driver's seat; the jellied mouth is from the right board of the car
The refuelling mouth of a fuel tank is located on the right side of the car, therefore to approach to топливораздаточной to a column at a gasoline station follows the right board.
On some models from the interior of a door лючка the special holder for fixing of the cover removed from a mouth is equipped
The control of level of engine oil
The description of procedure of check of level of oil is resulted in the Head Routine maintenance of the present Management.
The control of level of a cooling liquid of the engine
The description of procedure of check of level of a cooling liquid is resulted in the Head Routine maintenance of the present Management.
Transportation of cargoes in the car
The general information
The car is equipped by the several capacities intended for placing of transported subjects.
The ware branches located in salon of the car are intended for placing of small subjects. Their number concern the main ware box in panels of devices, door pockets and the pockets located in backs of seats, and also the ware boxes which have been built in the central console and a luggage space of the car.
Large-sized subjects should be placed in a car luggage space. Transportation of lengthy subjects becomes possible thanks to a collapsible design of backs of a back seat.
It is necessary to remember, however, that wrong transportation of cargoes can negatively affect controllability and stability of the car and, hence, to lower safety. Before transporting this or that cargo in the car, familiarise with the information resulted more low.
The maximum load-carrying capacity of the car
By transportation cargoes in the car it is necessary to consider that the full weight of the car should not exceed the maximum admissible value. The full weight of the car includes: the equipped weight of the car, weight of the driver and passengers, weight of the hook-on device established on the car, and also weight of the trailer having on it. At any variants of loading of the car of loading on an axis also should not exceed limiting admissible values. The information on the maximum admissible values of full weight and axial loadings is resulted in Specifications.
Transportation of cargoes in car salon
Transportation of cargoes in a luggage space or on a luggage carrier established on a roof of the car
Try to distribute cargo in regular intervals, placing luggage probably is closer to seats. Heavy cargoes always should settle down from below, on a luggage space floor. Reliably fix transported subjects a strong cord that they could not be displaced on the move the car. Never stack luggage above level of backs of forward seats.
By transportation large-sized or lengthy subjects at the combined back seats, try to fix reliably their strong cord to prevent displacement of cargo during emergency braking of the car. Do not stack luggage above level of backs of seats in order to avoid reduction of sector of the review to the driver.
The description of operations of folding of backs of back seats and their return to the initial is resulted in Section of the Seat and the safety device.
In need of transportation of the lengthy subjects, not allowing to close a door of a back/cover of a luggage space, remember that the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to car salon, - observe corresponding safety measures (the Section of the Seat and the safety device see).
At cargo placing on a luggage carrier established on a roof of the car, track, that the cumulative weight of luggage did not exceed admissible value. For reception of more detailed information address on company Subaru car repair shop.
Features of start of the engine in cold weather in the conditions of high mountains (height above sea level more than 2400)
At low temperature of air engine start is at a loss. In the conditions of high mountains where air is strongly discharged, engine start becomes complicated in addition. Instructions which is necessary for following at engine start in considered conditions are more low resulted.
Never switch off the engine during car movement, is leads to sharp pressure drop in system of the hydraulic booster of a wheel that is fraught with decrease in controllability of the car. Besides, at the muffled engine the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. Engine switching-off can lead also to casual installation of the switch of ignition in position LOCK that will lead to steering wheel blocking.
Ignition deenergizing should is made only after full to a stop of a vehicle and dump of turns of the engine to the single.
Features of driving of the car from a manual check point
The general information
Include backing transfer only after a full stop of the car. Attempt include a backspacing on the move can to lead to serious damage of a transmission. Before reverse gear inclusion completely switch off coupling and sustain short (in some seconds) a pause.
The recommended moments of a gear change
Try to move on as much as possible high transfer providing in concrete road conditions normal functioning of the engine at uniform movement and possibility of smooth dispersal of the car. Following of this recommendation will provide high profitability of the car and effective work of system of neutralisation of the fulfilled gases. At gear changes be guided by the data resulted in Specifications.
As much as possible admissible speeds of movement of the car on various transfers
In Specifications the maximum admissible speeds of movement of the car on various transfers are resulted. At excess of the specified values of speed, the marksman of a tachometre will come into a red zone of a scale, specifying on it is inadmissible high frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine. Thus the electronic block of a control system starts to limit to the engine turns of a cranked shaft, reducing fuel giving that it is possible to feel it on power setting change. Engine work is normalised, as soon as the arrow of a tachometre leaves a red zone of a scale.
In order to avoid engine breakage before transfer switching, be convinced that the arrow of a tachometre does not exceed as much as possible admissible speed of movement on the given transfer and is not in a red zone of a scale.
Position НI is intended for normal service conditions of the car.
At movement in cross-country conditions, and also in mountain district when development большего a twisting moment is required, it is necessary to switch a reducer of a distributing box in position LO. It is recommended to switch also a distributing box in position LO at трогании from a place uphill.
For switching of a distributing box in another it is necessary to squeeze out of one mode against the stop a pedal of coupling and to release gas. If the switching lever is got jammed in intermediate between НI and LO position, make sure of completeness отпускания pedals of gas/squeezing of a pedal of coupling, then repeat attempt
Features of driving of the car with automatic transmission
On cars of mark Subaru the four-stage hydromechanical automatic transmission with the blocked hydrotransformer and an elektronno-hydraulic control system is established. The control system of a transmission provides timely and smooth switching of all steps of a forward course. Hydrotransformer blocking improves fuel profitability of the car. On subjective sensations inclusion of a blocking friction clutch of the hydrotransformer similar on usual switching of a step of a transmission.
Transmission is equipped by the electronic control system providing an optimum gear change, answering to any traffic conditions and a condition of a road covering.
At car movement uphill possibility of switching of transmission on higher transfer is automatically blocked, if the management block defines that the power unit will not provide the further advancement of the car with former speed.
On abrupt descents the management block can automatically switch transmission to lower transfer that raises efficiency of braking of a vehicle the engine and reduces intensity of deterioration of brake mechanisms.
Indicators of position of the selector of a gear change
Rules of switching of ranges АТ
The general information
The lever of the selector of ranges of transmission can be in one of seven fixed positions. At start of the engine the lever should be only in position “P” or “N”. If the car stop is made, when in an automatic transmission one of movement ranges “D” is included, “3”, “2”, “1”, “R”, or “N” it is necessary to release completely a pedal gas and strongly to squeeze out.
Position “Р”. In this position of the lever of the selector of ranges the secondary shaft of transmission is mechanically blocked. Always translate the lever of the selector of ranges in position “Р” at deenergizing or engine start. To deduce the lever of the selector of ranges from position “Р”, it is necessary to squeeze out a brake pedal, preliminary having released a gas pedal. Reject the lever of the selector of ranges to the right and deduce it from position “Р”.
In order to avoid breakage АТ translate the lever in position “Р” only after a full stop of the car.
If the backing does not join after a full stop of the car, squeeze out a brake pedal and slowly move the lever of the selector of ranges at first to position “N”, then in position “R”.
Position “N”. Use position “N” (Neutral) at start of the decayed engine on the move the car and at short stops of the car with working engine. If for any reason it is necessary for you to depart from the car, preliminary translate the lever of the selector of ranges in position “Р” (Parking). At a conclusion of the lever of position “N” squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake.
Position “D”. The given position is used in most cases at movement in conditions of not loaded city cycle and at movement on highways. In the given position by transmission the full range of forward transfers is used, in corresponding situations the mode of braking by the engine automatically joins.
For sharp dispersal of the car at transmission work in a range “D” or “3” squeeze out a gas pedal against the stop. Thus the transmission will automatically pass to adjacent lowest transfer. If speed of the car is insignificant, the transmission can be switched at once on two steps downwards.
Position “2”. At inclusion of a range “2” automatic transmission will constantly work on the second transfer. At a stop of the car the transmission does not pass to the first transfer. Constant inclusion of the second transfer provides good traction dynamics of the car on liftings and possibility of intensive braking with the engine on abrupt descents. The range “2” is recommended to be included at a start of motion on a slippery road covering, and also at movement on deep snow. It helps to prevent strong proslipping of driving wheels of the car.
At inclusion of a range “2” on the move the car inclusion of the second transfer to transmissions automatically is late and occurs only after speed of the car will decrease to safe level on which frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine will not exceed as much as possible admissible value.
Position “1”. At inclusion of a range “1” automatic transmission will constantly work on the first transfer. If inclusion of a range “1” is made for the speed more than 50 km/h transmission at first will be switched to the second transfer. Inclusion of an intermediate step allows to exclude sharp and unexpected braking by the engine.
The switch of modes of functioning АТ
Used on considered models of cars Subaru automatic transmissions have three modes of functioning: "Normal", “POWER” and “HOLD”.
The mode “HOLD” is intended for movement on roads with the lowered component of coupling of a covering (snow, a dirt). At mode activation трогание the car in position “D” АТ it is made from the second transfer that appreciably reduces probability of proslipping of wheels.
Again press a pedal to switch off a capacity mode.
The maximum admissible speeds of movement of the car in various ranges of transfers
In Specifications the maximum admissible speeds of movement of the car are resulted at inclusion of various ranges of an automatic transmission. At excess of the values stipulated in Specifications, the arrow of a tachometre comes into a red zone of a scale, specifying in excess of admissible turns of the engine. Thus the electronic block of a control system starts to limit to the engine turns of a cranked shaft, reducing fuel giving that it is possible to feel on power setting change. Engine work settles into shape, as soon as the arrow of a tachometre leaves a red zone of a scale.
In order to avoid engine breakage before transfer switching, be convinced that the arrow of a tachometre does not come for value of as much as possible admissible speed of movement on the given transfer and is not in a red zone of a scale.
During overtaking fulfilment, at squeezing of a pedal of gas to a floor occurs automatic switching of transmission on the nearest to chosen at the moment subordinate transfer (with 4th on 3rd, with 3rd on 2nd, with 2nd on 1st), - necessity for any switchings of the lever of the selector thus is absent.
At short-term stops, - for example on a traffic light, - it is possible to leave transmission on transfer, keeping the car brakes.
At longer stops with working engine it is necessary to translate the selector lever in position “N”, - before a start of motion do not forget to translate the lever in position “D”.
At a short-term stop on a bias going uphill it is not necessary to keep the car motionlessly by means of an accelerator, - use a foot or lay brake.
During braking avoid squeezing of a pedal of gas, - if the selector lever is not translated in position “N” or “Р”, it can lead to unexpected acceleration.
Features of the driving, in the equipped back differential with вязкостной муфтой (models with a turbo-supercharging)
The differential of the given design provides optimum distribution of efforts at various number of turns between right and left back wheels that can be caused by distinction in components of coupling of wheels with a road covering. Thus, stability of movement of the car on covered with snow, dirty and slippery roads improves.
Never start the engine if the wheel on the one hand the car is lifted as the car can move.
If any back wheel is scrolled in a dirt, it is not necessary to suppose its rotations with high speed as it can lead to damage вязкостной муфты differential.
Use on the back bridge of the car of wheels/tyres of the different size can lead to failure вязкостного differential.
Control system of speed (темпостат)
The general information
The control system of speed (темпостат) enters into a standard complete set of some models, on others can be established in addition. The system allows to support automatically the chosen cruiser speed of movement of the car without influence on a gas pedal. Cruiser speed should not exceed value of 40 km/h. Application темпостата becomes especially convenient at long movement on малозагруженным to direct country highways. For the purpose of safety it is not recommended to include темпостат at movement in a city, on twisting, abounding with turns, to roads, on a slippery road covering, in a strong rain or under other adverse weather conditions. In the cases listed above the driver should have possibility completely to supervise a mode of movement of the car.
Management of functioning темпостата
On the models equipped АТ it is necessary to translate preliminary the lever of the selector of transfers to position D.
Cancellation of the entered installation of cruiser speed of movement of the car can be made unitary procrastination of the lever of the switch темпостата in a direction “CANCEL”, squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake, or squeezing of a pedal of coupling (model with РКПП). At decrease in speed of movement of the car below value of 40 km/h, or more than on 16 km/h below the chosen value also there will be an automatic dump of installation темпостата.
For system return to the value established earlier after dump of installations темпостата as a result of braking or coupling squeezing wring out the switch lever upwards (“ACC/RES). Told does not concern a case when dump of installation has resulted from falling of speed below value of 40 km/h.
Deenergizing темпостата is made by means of key OFF framing the button of the main switch.
Trouble signalling темпостата
If the control lamp темпостата starts to blink at use of a control system by speed, switch off темпостат, then again it include by means of the button of the main switch. If at repeated inclusion of system the control lamp continues to function in a flashing mode, will join and at once will go out, or will not join at all, the car should be driven away on a car repair shop for detailed diagnostics of a condition темпостата.
The principle of action and design of components of brake system are in detail considered in the Head Brake system of the present Management.
All components of brake system have the major value from the point of view of driving safety. Regularly, according to the Schedule (Routine maintenance see the Head) carry out procedures of maintenance service of a vehicle. Try to use only services of firm car repair shops of company Subaru. The first 200 km (125 miles) run after replacement brake колодок try to avoid sharp braking whenever possible.
At movement under a bias, in order to avoid an overheat of brake mechanisms, try to carry out braking of the car by the engine, including for this purpose a hill-climbing gear.
After a strong rain or overcoming of water barriers before to begin movement on full speed, check up efficiency of functioning of brake mechanisms, - become wet Pads and disks can be quickly dried during several braking at movement with small speed.
Recommendations about security measures at operation of the models equipped ABS
ABS does not reduce a brake way of the car and it is capable to provide only preservation of controllability of the car in the course of braking. In view of told it is necessary to support constantly a safe distance to ahead going vehicle, proceeding from speed of the car and concrete traffic conditions.
ABS does not prevent lateral юз at sharp change of a direction of movement of the car. For example, the car can enter into drift at turn passage on too high speed or at jerk of a wheel during lane change. Always support safe speed of a vehicle, being conformed to a condition of a road covering and traffic conditions.
ABS does not prevent loss of course stability of the car. In the course of emergency braking avoid sharp jerks of a steering wheel.
The brake way equipped ABS the car can exceed a little habitual for models with usual brake system. Told especially considerably at movement on fragile and rough road coverings (gravel, snow). At movement in similar road conditions lower speed and increase a distance to ahead going vehicle.
Control lamp of infringements of functioning ABS
The self-diagnostics block is included in structure of system of antiblocking. Outwardly procedure of self-diagnostics of system is shown by small pulsations of a foot brake right after engine start. Problem diagnostics ABS is made also at each braking of the car.
Joint inclusion of control lamps ABS and refusals of brake system/raising of a lay brake also means switching-off of function of regulation of brake effort that specifies in presence of malfunctions both in ABS, and in brake system. Thus the brake system of the car will continue to provide adequate enough braking of the car, however it is necessary to avoid sharp squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake. Immediately address on the nearest car repair shop.
Leaving the car on parking, always cock a lay brake. Remember that the control lamp of inclusion of a lay brake built in in an instrument guard, serves only for a reminder to the driver about necessity отпускания a lay brake before a start of motion. Burning of a control lamp does not guarantee completeness of raising of a lay brake. In order to avoid spontaneous скатывания the car on a bias be convinced that the lay brake is cocked properly.
On models with АТ before to translate the selector lever in position “Р”, it is necessary to cock a lay brake. Such sequence of actions prevents casual трогание the car and excludes transfer of considerable loading on the mechanism of blocking of a secondary shaft of transmission from скатывающей the force car. Unloading муфты blocking of a secondary shaft of transmission provides at the subsequent трогании the car simplicity of a conclusion of the lever from position “Р”.
At a car parking on lifting, develop forward wheels aside from a border, and on the contrary.
Before a start of motion, be convinced that the lay brake is completely released. At movement with not completely released lay brake the overheat and failure of brake mechanisms of back wheels is possible. Besides, it can lead to infringement of serviceability of functioning ABS.
Recommendations about a safe parking of the car
Recommendations about car driving in adverse weather conditions
Features of driving in adverse road conditions
Driving during a rain, in a strong fog or a snowfall demands from the driver of special skills, in view of decrease in coupling of wheels with a road covering and visibility deterioration. Constantly support the car in technically working order. At fulfilment of trips to bad weather observe extra care. Avoid use темпостата (at a corresponding complete set of the car) in adverse weather conditions.
Lower speed and move more slowly, than usually in normal weather conditions on a dry road covering. Remember that reactions of the car to management will be more languid and slowed down even if the road covering looks only slightly damp. Try to influence all controls of the car smoothly. On a wet and slippery road covering sharp jerk of a steering wheel or careless squeezing of a brake pedal can lead to control loss over management. In the trip beginning, still completely without having adapted for adverse weather conditions, show the raised care. This rule is especially useful for observing at movement during a snowfall. It is necessary to remember that at car operation in a warm season many useful skills of driving of the car on a slippery road covering are forgotten that demands some time for their restoration.
Extra care show, operating the car during a rain as absence of practice during the dry period does not allow to be reconstructed and adapt a bridle manner for new conditions quickly.
For safety of traffic in any weather conditions it is very important to have the good review in all directions. It is not necessary to forget to take care also that your car remained to well appreciable drivers of other vehicles, - remember that at movement on трасе passing light inclusion never will prevent even in the daytime. These requirements are more difficult for executing in adverse weather conditions.
Regularly check a condition of brushes of screen wipers and snuffled windscreen washers. Constantly support demanded level of a liquid in the tank of a washing liquid. Use for refuelling of system of washing of glasses only the liquids, recommended marks. Watch a condition of working elements of screen wipers, make their replacement as soon as brushes cease to clear glass properly. For prevention of condensation of a moisture on an internal surface of glasses use having blown in glasses air, in case of need include air conditioner.
Coupling of tyres with a road covering
Regularly supervise pressure of air in tyres and degree of a deterioration of protectors of tyres (depth of a pattern). Both these of the factor are extremely important from the point of view of good coupling of tyres with a road covering and prevention of the phenomenon of hydroplaning, that is sharp reduction of coupling with road at entrance to pools. For maintenance of the best controllability with the car and traffic safety at approach of a winter season use шипованную rubber.
During movement constantly observe of changes of road conditions which frequently appear very astable. Presence on road of wet foliage can be not dangerous, than a glaze ice. Often in appearance the pure and dry road covering can обледеневать separate sites. Especially dangerous conditions develop at air temperatures nearby 0С when pools can alternate with наледью that does behaviour of the car especially unpredictable.
Be cautious at switching of an automatic transmission in the lowered range. On a slippery covering sharp inclusion of a hill-climbing gear can lead to short-term proslipping of driving wheels and car drift
Extra care and attention are required from the driver at fulfilment of overtakings. Equally it is necessary to observe attentiveness, at overtaking of your car by other vehicles. Splashes of water and a dirt from under wheels of an overtaken lorry can sharply worsen visibility through a windscreen. The impulse of a lateral wind during fulfilment of overtaking of the truck or the bus is dangerous control loss over management.
The maximum vertical loading on the hook-on device of the car at full weight of the trailer should not exceed 50 кГс. For trailers with full weight to 500 kg it is necessary to adhere to a following rule: vertical loading on a turnbuckle should make approximately 10 % from full weight of the trailer. For example, if the full weight of the trailer with cargo is equal 225 kg, vertical loading on the hook-on device should make nearby 22.5 кГс. Adjust loading on a car turnbuckle, in appropriate way placing cargo on the trailer. To begin with it is recommended to place cargo so that approximately 60 % of its weight were ahead of a trailer axis, and 40 % - behind. If the full weight of the trailer exceeds 500 kg, try to distribute cargo on length of the trailer in regular more intervals. Never load the trailer so that the back part of the trailer outweighed a lobby, is leads to unloading of back wheels of the car that worsens coupling of tyres with a road covering.
Full weights of the car and the towed trailer should not exceed corresponding maximum admissible values (Specifications see).
The hook-on device
The maximum admissible distance from a head of a turnbuckle to a back axis of the car makes 1094 mm
The design of the hook-on device intended for installation on your car should meet the necessary requirements completely. In case of need consult on company Subaru car repair shop.
Security measures at trailer towage
It is necessary to consider that the brake way of the car towing the trailer, increases. Therefore, moving with the trailer, you should support the increased distance to ahead going car. Try to avoid sharp braking and turns. It can lead to folding of the lorry convoy or even переворачиванию the trailer.
Remember that the length of the lorry convoy considerably exceeds length of the single car. At turn to the right leave between edge of a carriageway and wheels of the right board of the car considerably большее distance, than usually to avoid arrival by trailer wheels on a border. Consider that at turn of the lorry convoy the trailer moves on an arch of smaller radius, than the car, and can drive or face an obstacle which the car freely passed. At overtaking of other vehicle do not hurry up to come back in the number as it can lead to collision of the overtaken car with the trailer.
The lorry convoy, in comparison with the single car, is more sensitive to action of impulses of a lateral wind and aerodynamic indignations from other cars. If you are overtaken at great speed by the heavy truck or the lorry convoy, try to support rectilinear and uniform movement of the car. To reduce the aerodynamic indignations operating on the lorry convoy from ahead going car, lower speed to leave a turbulent stream.
At towage of the trailer loading increases by all basic units and car systems. Therefore at frequent use of the car for trailer towage it is necessary to spend periodic maintenance service of the car according to regulations, characteristic for intense service conditions (Routine maintenance see the Head).
Additional loading on the car even more increases at lorry convoy operation in hilly district. At overcoming of long liftings watch closely a temperature mode of the engine on стрелочному to the index on a control panel. At approach of an arrow of the index to an overheat zone, switch off air conditioner (if it is equipped and included) and continue movement. If the temperature of a cooling liquid of the engine does not decrease, or continues to raise, stop on a roadside of road and allow to the engine to cool down.
At a lorry convoy stop on lifting do not keep it on a place by pressing педели gas, is can lead to overheat АТ. Use working brake system, or a lay brake.
At management of automatic transmission in a manual mode use the third, second and first transfers, being conformed to speed of movement of the car and road conditions. Towing the trailer, do not include the fourth transfer. In Specifications recommended high-speed ranges for use of various steps of a transmission are resulted.
Запарковывая the lorry convoy on long parking, especially on descent or lifting, accept all safety measures for reliable braking of the car and the trailer. Turn forward wheels of the car so that at скатывании lorry convoys they have rested in бордюрный a stone. Completely cock a lay brake and translate the lever of the selector of ranges in position “Р”. On equipped РКПП models include the first, or a reverse gear. In addition enclose under both wheels of the trailer противооткатные boots.
Management of the lorry convoy at movement by a backing presents certain difficulties and demands from the driver of special skills and training. Move a backing cautiously and slowly, do not rotate unduly quickly a steering wheel. At maneuvering by a backing in the constrained conditions it is useful, that someone, standing outside, watched movings of the trailer and directed your actions. Keep in mind that at steering wheel rotation clockwise (to the right) the trailer moves to the left, and on the contrary. At maneuvering of the lorry convoy by a backing it is recommended to keep for a steering wheel rim from below (instead of from above, as usually, at movement by a forward course). At such successful fellow habitual conformity between a direction of turn of a steering wheel and trailer movement remains: hand displacement to the left leads to trailer turn also to the left and on the contrary.