1997-2005 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars Subaru Forester
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
- The engine
Design features and principle of functioning of the engine, - the general information and adjustment клапанных backlashes
Major repairs and engine service - the general information
Check of pressure of oil
Check компрессионного pressure in cylinders
Diagnostics of a condition of the engine with vacuum gauge application
Removal of the power unit from the car - preparation and safety measures
Removal and engine installation
Alternative variants of schemes of regenerative repair of the engine
Order of dismantling of the engine by its preparation for major repairs
Dismantling of drive ГРМ, - removal, check of a condition and installation of components
Removal, dismantling, check, assemblage and axis installation коромысел, - engines SOHC
Removal, check of a condition and installation of camshafts
Service of heads of cylinders
Service of the block of cylinders
Greasing system - the general information
Removal, service and installation
Removal, check and installation маслоохладителя - only engines DOHC
Trial start and обкатка the engine after major repairs
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear change box
+ Coupling, трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Diagnostics of a condition of the engine with vacuum gauge applicationThe elementary vacuum gauge is the most valuable device, allowing to receive quite concrete information on the general condition and degree of deterioration of the engine
Vacuum gauge use at rather small monetary expenses allows to receive capacious enough information on inwardness of the engine. By results of the spent measurements it is possible to make representation about degree of deterioration of piston rings and mirrors of cylinders, to reveal signs of failure of linings of a head of cylinders and the inlet pipeline, infringement of adjustments of the carburettor and passableness of system of release of the fulfilled gases, jammings or прогара valves, проседания клапанных springs, failure of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition or phases timing, refusals of system of ignition, etc., etc.
Unfortunately, results of the indications removed by means of the vacuum gauge are easily wrong for interpreting, that is why, they should be analyzed together with the data received during performance of other diagnostic checks.
At reading of indications of the indicator of the vacuum gauge it is necessary to pay attention not only to absolute size of a deviation of an arrow, but also for speed of its moving. The majority of measuring instruments of import manufacture show depth of depression in inches of a mercury column. Thus it is necessary to consider that all standard requirements are resulted for a case of performance of checks at zero height above sea level. Relief increase on each 300 m after a mark in 600 m leads to understating of instrument readings approximately on 1 inch hg we Will notice that 1 inch = 25.4 mm.
Connect the vacuum gauge directly to the inlet pipeline (below throttle заслонки on a stream). Track, that during check performance all hoses remained connected, - otherwise it will be impossible to consider the read instrument authentic.
Before to start measurements, warm up the engine to normal working temperature. Prop up wheels противооткатными boots and cock a lay brake. Translate transmission in position “Р”, start the engine and leave its working on turns of normal idling.
Interpretation of indications of the vacuum gauge
The steady low indication can be the certificate of leaks through a lining between the inlet pipeline and a head of cylinders, or between the pipeline and the throttle case. The probability of infringement of tightness of a vacuum hose, failure of the moment of ignition (towards delay), or infringements of installation of phases timing is not excluded also. Check up installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition by means of a stroboscope, then serially exclude all other possible reasons, carrying out the checks listed in the present Chapter, only after that it makes sense to uncover drive ГРМ for the purpose of check of correctness of combination of adjusting labels.
If the result of measurement appears on 3 ÷ 8 inches (76 ÷ 203 mm) hg below norm and thus fluctuations take place, infringement of tightness of a lining of the inlet pipeline around inlet port, or malfunction of an injector of injection of fuel can appear the reason of such deviation.
The regular deviation of an arrow of a measuring instrument downwards from the stable indication on 2 ÷ 4 inches (51 ÷ 102 mm) hg with high degree of probability testifies to leaks of valves. Check up компрессионное pressure in cylinders or carry out the test for leaks.
Irregular deviations or dumps of indications can appear are connected with jamming of valves or ignition admissions. Measure компрессионное pressure, carry out the test for leaks, check up a condition of spark plugs.
Frequent vibration of an arrow of the indicator within a range in 4 inches (102 mm) hg at single turns of the engine, accompanied by smoke emission from an exhaust pipe, speaks about deterioration of directing plugs of valves. Carry out the test for leaks. If the arrow starts to vibrate at increase of turns of the engine, check up on presence of signs of leaks of a lining of the inlet pipeline and a head of cylinders. Estimate degree проседания клапанных springs, check up on presence of traces прогара valves and try to reveal ignition admissions.
Insignificant fluctuations of indications within a range from one to two inches (25 ÷ 51 mm) hg can be considered as the certificate of infringement of serviceability of functioning of system of ignition. Check up correctness of all usual adjusting installations, in case of need resort to testing with application of the analyzer of parametres of ignition.
In the presence of fluctuations of an arrow of a measuring instrument in a wide range check up компрессионное pressure or carry out the test for leaks for the purpose of revealing of the defective cylinder or infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders.
If the arrow of a measuring instrument with slow speed "walks" in a wide range of a scale, check up passableness of system PCV and structure of a mix of idling, also make sure of absence of leaks through linings of the carburettor/case of a throttle and the inlet pipeline.
Estimate speed of return of indications of the vacuum gauge to a reference value at closing throttle заслонки after lifting of frequency of rotation of the engine to size about 2500 rpm at the expense of fast приоткрывания заслонки. The indication at first should fall practically to zero, then rise over value, characteristic for normal turns of idling approximately on 5 inches (130 mm) hg and again to return to the indication of single turns. If depth of depression is restored slowly and does not form a peak throw at sharp closing throttle заслонки, it is necessary to check up, whether piston rings are worn out. At a long delay of return of indications check up passableness of system of release of the fulfilled gases (often appear blocked the muffler or каталитический the converter) - most easier simply to disconnect suspected section of system of release and to repeat check.