Subaru Forester

1997-2005 of release

Repair and car operation



Subaru Forester
+ Cars Subaru Forester
+ The maintenance instruction
- Routine maintenance
   The schedule of routine maintenance of cars Subaru Forester
   The general information
   The general data on options and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
   Level check трансмиссионного oils РКПП
   Check of level ATF and liquids of forward differential of automatic transmission
   Check of level of a liquid of the hydraulic booster of a wheel
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Greasing of components of the chassis
   Check of a condition of components of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of greasing in a distributing box of all-wheel drive models
   Check of level of greasing of back differential
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check and adjustment of turns and structure of a mix of idling
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV) (at a corresponding complete set of the car)
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement drivers belts
   Check of a condition of components of the power supply system
   Check of brake system
   Adjustment of pedals of a foot brake and coupling
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of a condition and replacement of components of system of ignition
   Service of system of cooling (опорожнение, washing and refuelling)
   Replacement ATF of automatic transmission
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils РКПП
   Replacement of greasing of a distributing box (all-wheel drive models)
   Replacement of greasing of differential
   Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
   Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system recycling the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear change box
+ Coupling, трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
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Check of brake system

Check of brake system (each 50 000 km of run or time in 24 months)

Remember that developed at functioning of brake mechanisms the dust can contain extremely unhealthy the person asbestos.

At all do not blow off a dust the compressed air and do not inhale it, at service of mechanisms put on a protective mask or a respirator.

At all do not use for rubbing of components of brake system gasoline or solvents on an oil basis - apply only firm cleaners or methyl spirit!

Try колодок to use at replacement only components not containing asbestos.

More detailed illustrative material in the Head Brake system.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The condition of components of brake system, besides regular, stipulated by the schedule of routine maintenance, checks, should be estimated each time at removal of wheels or at occurrence of signs of infringement of functioning of system. Колодки disk brake mechanisms are usually equipped by the special indicators notifying on excessive deterioration of frictional overlays by characteristic squeal at braking. The symptoms listed more low can be a sign of malfunction of components of brake mechanisms:

   a) At braking the car loses course stability (there is a withdrawal in one of the parties);
    b) During braking brake mechanisms publish squeal or a scratch;
    c) the course of a pedal of a foot brake Excessively increases;
    d) At squeezing of a brake pedal pulsations are felt;
    e) traces of leak of a brake liquid (usually on an internal surface of disks of wheels and tyres) Take place.

2. Loosen the nuts of fastening of wheels.
3. Поддомкратьте the car also establish it on props.
4. Remove wheels.


Disk brake mechanisms of forward and back wheels

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The support of each of brake mechanisms is equipped by two колодками, - internal and external. End faces колодок are well looked through through a special observation port in the case of a support after wheel removal.
2. The estimation of a residual thickness of a frictional overlay internal Pads is made visually through the observation port mentioned above. If overlays are worn out over an admissible limit (Specifications see) it is necessary to make complex replacement brake колодок.

Remember that frictional overlays приклепаны or are pasted to the metal substrate which thickness should not be considered at measurement.

3. If visually to estimate a residual thickness of overlays it appears inconveniently, or there is a necessity for more detailed survey колодок, remove a support () and take Pads for more detailed studying (the Brake system see the Head).
4. After Pads will be taken from a support, clear them by means of special means and measure a residual thickness of overlays by means of a ruler or a calliper with нониусной a scale.
5. By a micrometer measure a thickness of brake disks. Compare results of measurements to standard requirements (Specifications see). If the thickness any leaves disks abroad an admissible range, replace it (the Brake system see the Head). If a thickness of a disk in norm, check up its general condition. Pay attention to such defects as deep scratches, furrows, teases, overheat traces, etc., in case of need remove a disk and give it in проточку (the Brake system see the Head).
6. Before establishing to the place of a wheel, examine all brake lines on presence of signs of damages, deterioration, destruction as a result of ageing of a material, traces of leaks, bends, twisting and other deformations (in particular near to points of connection of flexible brake hoses to supports of brake mechanisms). Check up reliability of fastening of hoses collars. Make sure that any of brake hoses systems of release of the fulfilled gases or a suspension bracket (do not adjoin to acute angles of the components of a body located in the neighbourhood, at any positions of a steering wheel). In case of need make corresponding repair or correct a route of a lining of lines. Defective components replace (the Brake system) see the Head.

Drum-type brake mechanisms

At all do not blow off a brake dust from a surface of components the compressed air and do not inhale it is a dust can contain asbestos harmful to your health! Estimate a residual thickness of frictional overlays of brake boots (forward and back), check up components on presence of traces of pollution by a brake liquid and oil.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Remove brake drums (the Brake system see the Head).
2. Make careful cleaning of brake mechanisms with application of special cleaning structure. If the frictional overlay acts over heads of rivets less than on 1.6 mm, boots are subject to replacement in the complete set (the Brake system see the Head). It is necessary to replace boots also in case of revealing of cracks, заполированных to shine of sites of overlays, or traces of hit of a brake liquid.
3. Make sure of correctness of connection and serviceability of a condition of all springs of assemblage of the brake mechanism (the Brake system see the Head). The neglect replacement of the deformed or weakened springs is fraught with premature deterioration of boots as a result “прихватывания” brakes.
4. Check up assemblage components on presence of traces of leaks of a brake liquid. Cautiously having hooked a finger or a small screw-driver, remove rubber dusterи from the wheel cylinder, located holding apart the top ends of boots. Revealing of any signs of leaks in these parts demands carrying out of immediate regenerative repair of assemblage of the cylinder (the Brake system see the Head). Also check up on presence of traces of leaks all brake hoses and them штуцерные connections.
5. Carefully wipe internal surfaces of a drum the pure rags impregnated with methyl spirit. Try not to inhale a brake dust containing asbestos. Examine a working surface of a drum on presence of cracks, задиров, traces of an overheat and other damages. If defects cannot be removed by processing of a surface by a fine-grained emery paper, it is necessary to give a drum for проточки to a car-care centre workshop (the Brake system see the Head).
6. Repeat procedure for components of the opposite brake mechanism. Establish into place drums, fix wheels and lower the car on the earth. Tighten wheel nuts with demanded effort.

The vacuum amplifier

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check of serviceability of functioning of the vacuum amplifier of brakes is made from a driver's place.
2. At completely squeezed out pedal of a foot brake start the engine, - the pedal should fail a little more.
3. At the working engine some times squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake. The size of a course of a pedal should remain a constant.
4. Squeeze out a pedal, muffle the engine and continue to keep a pedal pressed during about 30 seconds during which it should not neither fail more low, nor rise.
5. Again start the engine, allow to it to work for about a minute, then again muffle. Again some times firmly squeeze out a pedal, - the course size should be reduced with everyone качком.
6. In case of negative result of the described check the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes is subject to regenerative repair or replacement (the Brake system see the Head).


Lay brake

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Slowly pull a control lever of a lay brake upwards till the end of its course and count quantity of clicks of a ratchet. Compare result of calculation to requirements of Specifications. In case of need make corresponding adjustment (the Brake system see the Head).
2. Alternatively estimation of serviceability of functioning of a lay brake can be made by a car parking on a site of road going under a bias and fixing by its motionlessly lay brake at neutral position of a transmission. If the brake does not keep the car at raising of its lever on demanded quantity of clicks, it is necessary to make adjustment.