Subaru Forester

1997-2005 of release

Repair and car operation



Subaru Forester
+ Cars Subaru Forester
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   Specifications
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Removal and installation of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of wires of the battery
   Ignition system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of serviceability of functioning of system of ignition
   Assemblage of coils of ignition - the general information, check of a condition and replacement
   Check and adjustment of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition
   Replacement of the module of ignition
   Check of serviceability of functioning of gauges CKP, CMP and detonations
   Service of spark plugs
   Check of a condition of high-voltage wires
   Charge system - the general information and safety measures
   The generator, the general information, check and service
   Removal and generator installation
   Start system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of serviceability of functioning of a starter and start chain
   Starters Nippondenso - check and service
   Starters Mitsubishi - check and service
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear change box
+ Coupling, трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
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Charge system - the general information and safety measures

The control lamp/indicator of a charge, the storage battery, safety locks and electroconducting connecting listed components concern number of components of system of a charge the generator of an alternating current with the built in regulator of pressure. The charge system provides giving of an electric food to ignition system, lighting and alarm devices, a radio receiver and other onboard consumers of the electric power. The generator is put in action by a belt drive from a pulley of a cranked shaft and established in a forward part of the engine. The additional information on electric connections of components of system of a charge can be gathered from schemes of electric connections (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head).

Problem of a regulator of pressure is restriction of pressure developed by the generator in the set limits. The regulator prevents overloads of contours and the other unpleasant phenomena connected with jumps of pressure.

The charge system does not require regular service. Nevertheless, it is necessary to check periodically a condition drive a belt of the generator, the battery, connecting electroconducting and it клеммных connections (Routine maintenance see the Head).

The control lamp of a charge built in in an instrument guard quickly joins at ignition key turn in position ON and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing testifies to malfunctions in charge system. On some models in an instrument guard the voltmeter allowing to the driver in due time to trace a deviation of onboard pressure from norm is in addition established. At an exit of indications of the voltmeter for limits of an admissible range it is necessary to make check of system of a charge.

The scheme of connection of the ampermeter at check of target parametres of the generator



At joining клеммных connections of electric chains equipped with the generator of an alternating current of cars it is necessary to observe special safety measures:
  1. At connection of electroconducting of the battery to the generator at all do not suppose polarity infringement;
  2. Before to apply at кузовном repair electroarc welding disconnect electroconducting from plugs of the generator and the storage battery;
  3. At all do not make engine start at connected to the battery зарядном the device;
  4. Always, before to make gymnastics of the battery from the external power supply, disconnect from it both wires (at first negative);
  5. Try not to suppose hit of hands, hair and free parts of clothes in contact with rotating приводным a belt of the generator during checks made at the working engine;
  6. Remember that the generator is connected directly to the battery both its overloads and short circuits are capable to cause ignition of electroconducting and to be at the bottom of a fire;
  7. Before to start steam cleaning of an impellent compartment wrap the generator in a polyethylene package which then should be fixed reliably rubber bandages.
At excessively low generating pressure earth plug F, start the engine and measure pressure on the battery, - if the result exceeds rating value, replace a regulator, at excessively low indications check up a generator condition


Check of a condition of system of a charge

Remember that infringements of functioning of system of a charge far are not necessarily connected with generator refusals. First of all always make following elementary checks:
  1. Check up a condition and effort of a tension drive a generator belt (Routine maintenance see the Head). In case of need make replacement;
  2. Check up reliability of a tightening of fixing bolts of the generator;
  3. Check up a condition of electroconducting and electric connections of the generator;
  4. At a corresponding complete set check up a condition of the fusible insert established between the traction relay of a starter and the generator, or a condition of the big main safety locks in an impellent compartment. In case of revealing of the beaten out elements, reveal and eliminate the reason of taking place overloads, then replace defective components;
  5. Check up a condition of all safety locks included in an electric chain of system of a charge. The site of safety locks and fusible inserts can vary depending on model and year of release of the car.
    f) Start the engine and estimate intensity of a noise background published by the generator;
  6. Check up electrolit density in banks of the storage battery, in case of need make additional charge of last;
  7. Make sure of completeness of a charge of the battery, - one faulty bank can be at the bottom of a battery recharge);
  8. Disconnect from the battery at first negative, then positive wires.

If the stereosystem established on the car is equipped by a security code before to disconnect the battery make sure that have a correct combination for audiosystem input in action!

Estimate a condition of wires of the battery in places of their their connection to polar plugs of last. Check up reliability of fastening клеммных clips.

Carefully having smoothed out contact plugs, connect the battery.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. By means of the voltmeter measure the pressure which is given out by the battery at the muffled engine, - the result of measurement should make approximately 12 Century
2. Start the engine and repeat check: this time indications should make 14.1 14.8 Century
3. Include head headlights, - at regularly functioning system of a charge pressure should fall at first, then be restored to former level.
4. If the size of measured pressure considerably exceeds rating value, replace a pressure regulator.
5. At excessively low indications make checks of a regulator of pressure and the generator.