Subaru Forester

1997-2005 of release

Repair and car operation



Subaru Forester
+ Cars Subaru Forester
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   Specifications
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Removal and installation of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of wires of the battery
   Ignition system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of serviceability of functioning of system of ignition
   Assemblage of coils of ignition - the general information, check of a condition and replacement
   Check and adjustment of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition
   Replacement of the module of ignition
   Check of serviceability of functioning of gauges CKP, CMP and detonations
   Service of spark plugs
   Check of a condition of high-voltage wires
   Charge system - the general information and safety measures
   The generator, the general information, check and service
   Removal and generator installation
   Start system - the general information and safety measures
   Check of serviceability of functioning of a starter and start chain
   Starters Nippondenso - check and service
   Starters Mitsubishi - check and service
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear change box
+ Coupling, трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
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Starters Nippondenso - check and service

The general information

Design of starter Nippondenso 128000-8311

1  — the  Anchor
2  — the  Ball bearing
3  — the  Ball bearing
4  —  Stator
5  —  ShChetkoderzhatel
6  —  ShChetochnaja a spring
7  — the  Cover статора
8  — the  Screw with a washer
9  — the  Coupling bolt
10  — the  Screw with a washer
11  — the  starter Case

12  —  Obgonnaja муфта
13  — the  Steel ball
14  — the  Spring
15  — the  Holder
16  — the  Pin
17  — a  starter Gear wheel
18  — the  Nut
19  — the  Spring washer
20  — the  Traction relay
21  — the  Nut


Design of starter Nippondenso 128000-832

1  — the  Anchor
2  — the  Ball bearing
3  — the  Ball bearing
4  — the  Sealing ring
5  —  Stator
6  —  ShChetkoderzhatel
7  —  ShChetochnaja a spring
8  —  Zaglushka
9  — the  Cover статора
10  — the  Screw with a washer

11  — the  Coupling bolt
12  — the  starter Case
13  —  Obgonnaja муфта
14  — the  Steel ball
15  — the  Spring
16  — the  Holder
17  — the  Pin
18  — a  starter Gear wheel
19  — the  Intermediate gear wheel
20  — the  Traction relay


Check

The traction relay

Described below check should be made at strictly stipulated pressure! Duration of each check should not exceed 5 seconds!

Check of an involving winding of the traction relay of a starter

1  — the  Plug With
2  — the  Plug 50

 


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Disconnect a wire of a winding of excitation from the plug With.
2. Connect the battery directly to the traction relay of a starter and make sure of serviceability выдвигания a leading gear wheel of a starter. If the gear wheel is not put forward, replace the relay.
3. For check of a keeping winding of the relay collect a chain under the scheme described above, and after gear wheel promotion disconnect a negative wire from the plug With, - the gear wheel should remain in the put forward position. If there is a gear wheel retraction, replace assemblage of the traction relay.
4. At a detachment of a negative wire from the case of the relay the gear wheel, on the contrary, should be involved.


Starter performance data

For maintenance of the guaranteed start of the engine in any weather conditions it is necessary for starter to develop high turns of rotation and enough big twisting moment. The listed characteristics to a great extent depend on level of a charge of the storage battery in view of what starter check should be made with application of the battery completely meeting on the performance data requirements of Specifications.

Starter check is made in three modes (see further).

The scheme of connection of measuring devices

The scheme of connection of measuring devices at starter check


1  — the  Plug With
2  — the  Plug 50

 


Test without loading

Connect to the starter disconnected from the engine meeting on performance data to requirements of Specifications the storage battery and measure frequency of rotation, pressure and a starter current. Compare results of measurements to requirements of Specifications.

Test under loading (the recommended method)

During the given test check of a twisting moment developed by a starter is made. Check is made on the special test bed, the equipped adaptation for applying of brake effort. Compare results of measurement to Specification requirements.

Test under loading with applying of the brake moment (an alternative method)

Check is made on the same, as earlier the test bed in which the anchor стартерной assemblages this time is blocked. During check measurement of control parametres is made, - compare results of measurements to Specification requirements.

Low frequency of rotation, or excessive current can be a consequence of the raised internal component of a friction of a starter as a result of wrong assemblage of its components.


Service

Dismantling

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Disconnect electroconducting from the traction relay of a starter.
2. Turn out from a case cover стартерной assemblages coupling bolts.
3. Separate the traction relay from статора.
    1  —  Stator
    2  — the  Traction relay
4. Turn out screws fixing screws and uncover статора.
    1  — the  Screw
   2  — the Cover
5. By means of flat-nose pliers delay upwards a spring from outside (+) brushes and accurately take last from щеткодержателя, - try not to damage a brush and a collector.
    1  — ShChetkoderzhatel
    2  — the  Brush
6. Take from статора an anchor.

The anchor has considerable weight, - try not to drop it in the course of extraction!

7. Turn out fixing screws and separate the traction relay from the case.
    1  — the Case
    2  — the  Traction relay
8. Take from the case муфту and shake out from it a steel ball, - try not to lose a ball.
    1  —  Obgonnaja муфта
    2  — the  Ball
9. Liberate from the case an intermediate gear wheel.
10. Take from the case the holder and a cylindrical pin, - try not to drop components.
11. Remove from the traction relay a spring.

Check of a condition and repair of components


Anchor

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Using a special tester for revealing of short-circuited coils, check up anchor windings on presence of signs of short circuit between ламелями a collector. If short circuit takes place, the current in the device will alternate with a return current, and the anchor winding will be magnetised. A sign of magnetisation of a winding is vibration of the metal plate brought to the checked site.
2. Check up on breakdown isolation between a collector and the anchor core, - measured resistance should make not less than 10 МОм.
3. By a calliper measure external diameter of a collector. Compare result of measurement to Specification requirements.
4. Lay an anchor in V-shaped prisms and with the help циферблатного a measuring instrument плунжерного type estimate size of radial palpation of a collector. In case of need give assemblage in проточку.
    1  —  Tsiferblatnyj a measuring instrument
    2  — a  V-shaped prism
5. Check up depth подрезки isolation between ламелями, - if the result of measurement appears below admissible value (Specifications see) make corresponding updating, having taken advantage for this purpose ножовочным of a cloth.

Before the check beginning it is necessary to remove completely from a surface of windings a coal powder and other adjournment.

Minor defects can be removed from a surface of a collector by processing of its fine-grained emery paper.


The bearing

Manually check up smoothness of rotation of the bearing, in case of need make replacement.

Статор

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. By means of an ohmmeter check up an excitation winding статора.
2. Measure residual length of coal brushes, - if it has decreased more than on 1/3 from rating value (Specifications see) brushes are subject to replacement.

Щеткодержатель

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. By means of an ohmmeter measure resistance of isolation щеткодержателя.
2. If the result of measurement makes less than 10 МОм, replace the holder.

Обгонная муфта

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check up rotation freedom обгонной муфты in a direction clockwise. Counter-clockwise муфта should not to rotate.
2. Attentively examine working surfaces of teeths of leading and parasitic gear wheels, and also gear wheels обгонной муфты. At revealing having chopped off or signs of excessive deterioration обгонная муфта is subject to replacement in gathering, - in parallel it is necessary to study a condition of a gear wreath of a flywheel.


Assemblage

Design of starter Nippondenso 128000-8311

1  — the  Anchor
2  — the  Ball bearing
3  — the  Ball bearing
4  —  Stator
5  —  ShChetkoderzhatel
6  —  ShChetochnaja a spring
7  — the  Cover статора
8  — the  Screw with a washer
9  — the  Coupling bolt
10  — the  Screw with a washer
11  — the  starter Case
12  —  Obgonnaja муфта

13  — the  Steel ball
14  — the  Spring
15  — the  Holder
16  — the  Pin
17  — a  starter Gear wheel
18  — the  Nut
19  — the  Spring washer
20  — the  Traction relay
21  — the  Nut


Design of starter Nippondenso 128000-8321

1  — the  Anchor
2  — the  Ball bearing
3  — the  Ball bearing
4  — the  Sealing ring
5  —  Stator
6  —  ShChetkoderzhatel
7  —  ShChetochnaja a spring
8  —  Zaglushka
9  — the  Cover статора
10  — the  Screw with a washer

11  — the  Coupling bolt
12  — the  starter Case
13  —  Obgonnaja муфта
14  — the  Steel ball
15  — the  Spring
16  — the  Holder
17  — the  Pin
18  — a  starter Gear wheel
19  — the  Intermediate gear wheel
20  — the  Traction relay


Assembly order щеткодержателя

1  — the  Brush
2  — a  brush Spring
3  — the  Insulator
4  — the  Conclusion (+) щеткодержателя
5  — the  Conclusion (-) щеткодержателя
6  — the  Brush (+)

 


Starter assemblage is made as it should be the return to an order of dismantle of components. Pay attention to following moments:
  1. Before the assemblage beginning grease corresponding components in points - use greasing ESSO BEACON 325 or SHELL ALVANIA GREASE RA;
  2. At assemblage of the traction relay and обгонной муфты муфта it is established on the relay before an intermediate gear wheel (do not forget to establish a steel ball and a spring, in advance plant on an intermediate gear wheel the bearing);
  3. At landing of anchor assemblage in статор do not forget to plant on an anchor shaft at once behind the bearing a felt washer;
  4. Assemblage щеткодержателя on статоре is made according to the data resulted on an accompanying illustration;
  5. At installation to a cover статора track correctness of combination of its gear part with the plug of a conclusion of electroconducting through passage;
  6. At installation on статор the traction relay track correctness of combination of a label on статоре with a reciprocal ledge on the relay.